1954 supreme court ruling, hispanics 14th amendment, hispanics combating discrimination legally
1954: Hernandez vs. Texas
Artist's Book: Cyanotypes on wood, Paper, thread, found objects.
7 x 5.5 x 3 in.

In 1954 the Supreme Court ruled that Hispanics have equal protection under the 14th Amendment, enabling Hispanics to legally combat discrimination.
Pedro Hernandez, a Mexican agricultural worker, was convicted for the murder of Joe Espinosa. Hernandez’s legal team set out to demonstrate that the jury could not be impartial unless members of non-Caucasian races were allowed on the jury-selecting committees; no Mexican American had been on a jury for more than 25 years in Jackson County, the Texas county in which the case was tried. Hernandez and his lawyers appealed to the Texas Supreme court, and appealed again to the United States Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court unanimously ruled in favor of Hernandez, and required he be retried with a jury composed without regard to ethnicity. The Court held that the Fourteenth Amendment protects those beyond the racial classes of white or black, and extends to other racial groups.
This ruling was yet another step forward in the American Civil Rights Movement and another hit to racial segregation in the USA. This time, racial minorities other than African Americans benefited from such a ruling. The ultimate impact of this ruling was that now all racial groups of the United States were protected under the 14th Amendment.